Lineage School of Classical Yang Family Tai Chi Chuan
Yang's Ten Important Points
The head should be upright so that the spirit can reach the headtop.
Do not use strength,or the neck will be stiff and the breath and blood can
not flow through. It is necessary to have a natural and lively feeling. If
the spirit can not reach the headtop, it can not raise.
Sink the chest and pluck up the back.
The chest is depressed naturally inward so that the breath can sink to the
tan tien. Do not project the chest. The chi gets stuck there and the body
becomes top heavy. The heel will be too light and can be uprooted. Pluck
up the back and the chi sticks to the back. Depress the chest and you can
pluck up the back. Then you can discharge force through the spine. You
will be a peerless boxer.
Relax the waist.
The waist is the commander of the whole body. If you can relax the waist,
then the two legs will have power and the lower part will be firm and
stable. Substantial and insubstantial change, and this is based on the
turning of the waist. It is said that the source of the postures lies in
the waist. If you can not get power, seek the defect in the legs and
Differentiate insubstantial and substantial.
This is the first thing of all in Tai Chi Chuan. If the weight of the whole
body is resting on the right leg, then the right leg is substantial and the
left leg is insubstantial, and vice versa. When you can separate
substantial and insubstantial, you can turn lightly without using strength.
If you can not separate them, the step is heavy and slow. The stance is not
firm and can be easily thrown off balance.
Sink the shoulders and elbows.
The shoulders will be completely relaxed and open. If you can not relax and
sink, the two shoulders will be uptight. The chi will flow them up and the
whole body can not get power. "Sink the elbows" means the elbow go down and
relax. If the elbows raise, the shoulders are not able to sink and you can
not discharge people far. The discharge is close to the broken force of the
Use the mind and not force.
The Tai Chi Chuan classics say, "all of this means use of mind and not
force." In practicing Tai Chi Chuan the whole body relaxes. Do not let one
ounce of force remain in the blood vessels,bones,and liagments to tie
yourself up. Then you can be agile and able to change. You will be able to
turn freely and easily. Doubting this, how can you increase yourself?
The body has meridians like the ground has ditches and trenches. If not
obstructed, the water can flow. If the meridian is not close, the chi goes
through. If the whole body has hard force and it fills up the meridans, the
chi and blood stop and the turning is not smooth and agile. Just pull one
hair and the whole body is off balance. If you use mind not force, then the
mind goes to a place and the chi follows it. The chi and the blood
circulate. If you do this every day and never stop, after a long time you
will have real internal force. The Tai Chi Chuan classics said that when
you are extremly soft, then you become extremely good in Tai Chi Chuan
skill and has arms like iron wrapped with cotton and weight is very
heavy. As for those who practice the external schools, when they use force,
they reveal force. When they do not use force, they are too light and
floating. Their internal force is external and locked together. The force
of the external schools is easily led and moved and not to be esteemed.
Upper and lower mutually follow.
The Tai Chi Chuan classics said that the motion should be rooted in the
feet,released through the legs, controlled by the waist and manifested
through the fingers. Everything is the same. When the hands, waist and feet
move together, the eyes follow. If one part does not move, the whole body
Inside and outside coordinate.
In the practice of Tai Chi Chuan the main thing is the spirit. Therefore,
it is said that the spirit is the commander and the body is subordinate. If
you can raise the spirit, then the movements will be naturally agile. The
postures are not beyond insubstantial and substantial, opening and closing.
That which is called open means not only the hands and feet are open, but
the mind is also open. That which is called closed means not only the hands
and feet are closed, but the mind is also closed. When you can make the
inside and outside become one, then it becomes complete.
It is mutually joined and unbroken.
As to the external schools, their internal force is the latter heaven brute
internal force. Therefore, it is finite. There are connects and breaks.
During the breaks, the old force is exhausted and the new force has not yet
been born. At these moments, it is very easy for others to take advantage.
The Tai Chi Chuan use mind and not force. From beginning to end it is
continuous and not broken. It is circular and again resumes. It revolves
and has no limits. The original classic said that it is like a great river
rolling on unceasingly and the circulation of internal force is like
pulling silk. They all talk about being connected together.
Seek stillness in movement.
The external schools assume jumping about is good and they use all their
energy. That is why after practice everyone tire. Tai Chi Chuan uses
stillness to control movement. Although one moves, there is also stillness.
Therefore, in practicing the form,slower is better. If it is slow, the
inhalation and exhalation are long and deep and the chi sinks to tan tien.
Naturally there is no injuries practice such as engorgement of the blood
vessels. The learner should be careful to comprehend it. Then you will get
the real meaning.